The Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruling regarding the legalisation of same-sex marriage in countries that have ratified the American Convention on Human Rights most of the countries that allow gay marriage are to Ecuador. By the early 21st century, several jurisdictions, both at the national and subnational levels, had legalized same-sex marriage; in other jurisdictions, constitutional measures were adopted to prevent same-sex marriages from being sanctioned, or laws were enacted that refused to recognize such marriages performed elsewhere.
After hours of debate, Argentina's Senate narrowly passed a bill granting same-sex couples the right to marry, making it the first country in Latin America to do so. These laws permit same-sex couples to get married in the Church of Denmark. On May 22,Catholic-majority Ireland became the first country to legalize same-sex marriage through a popular referendum.
While few societies have recognized same-sex unions as marriages, the historical and anthropological record reveals a large range of attitudes towards same-sex unions ranging from praise, through full acceptance and integration, most of the countries that allow gay marriage are toleration, indifference, prohibition and discrimination, to persecution and physical annihilation.
Civil unions have been permitted in Uruguay sinceand gay and lesbian couples were given adoption rights in The largest religious group in the country, the Lutheran-affiliated Church of Norway, initially voted to prohibit its pastors from conducting same-sex weddings. Transgender people can change their gender and name without completion of medical intervention and human rights protections explicitly include gender identity or expression within all of Canada most of the countries that allow gay marriage are    .
It opens the possibility to introduce registered partnerships for different-sex couples as well as same-sex marriage for same-sex couples. Illegal: Islamic Sharia Law is applied Penalty: Capital punishment for men, not enforced ; prison and a fine for women.
Couples express joy, relief after same-sex marriage bill passes. It was also ruled that if the law was not amended after two years, same-sex couples would automatically be able to register valid marriage applications in Taiwan.
In Decemberthe Portuguese Parliament approved a bill to recognise adoptions rights for same-sex couples. Portugal has also allowed same-sex marriage sinceafter legislation was originally challenged by the country's president.
In September , the Coalition Government announced its intention to introduce same-sex civil marriage in England and Wales by the May general election. While many same-sex couples have no choice but to wait for legalization — some are together for decades before they are finally able to marry — in many countries, people who can choose to get married are doing so later in life.
In , the Netherlands became the first country to legalize same-sex marriages. The Court demanded that governments "guarantee access to all existing forms of domestic legal systems, including the right to marriage, in order to ensure the protection of all the rights of families formed by same-sex couples without discrimination".
It opens the possibility to introduce registered partnerships for different-sex couples as well as same-sex marriage for same-sex couples. In a court ruling stating that marriages by people of the same sex don't violate the constitution, Colombia legalized same-sex marriage in April